Periodontal disease is also known as gum disease. This is a pathological inflammatory condition of the gum. As well as of bone support surrounding the teeth. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two most common periodontal diseases.
This is the inflammation of the gum at the necks of the teeth. One of its characteristics is the redness of the gum margins. Swelling and bleeding when brushing are some of its symptoms. It occurs in both chronic and acute forms. Chronic inflammation of the gum tissue is usually associated with plaque. Especially that which covers the teeth and gums. Acute gingivitis is often associated with specific infections. Also with micro-organisms and trauma. Gingivitis may result in the loss of both gum and bone tissue surrounding the teeth. Effective personal oral hygiene practices can now reverse this.
This is the inflammation affecting the bone and tissues of the teeth. One of its characteristics is the formation of pockets or spaces between the tooth and gums. Chronic periodontal destruction may result if periodontitis is not treated early. It will lead to loosening or loss of teeth.
The majority of adults are often affected by gingivitis. It is a good thing that gingivitis does not always develop into periodontal disease. The gum disease progresses depending on various factors. These include oral hygiene and genetic predisposition.
How to limit periodontal disease
Individuals, dentists, and hygienists must work together to maintain good gingival health.
This is the most important plaque control method. Establishing it as a daily routine is a must. Brushing of a child’s teeth starts as soon as the first tooth appears in the mouth. Do not use toothpaste at this point. From 2 years of age, use a pea-sized amount of toothpaste. Parents should brush their child’s teeth until the child can do it on his or her own. Make sure that you remove plaque every day without damaging the teeth or gums.
- Aids to plaque removal
Using plaque disclosing agents and mouth rinses help in plaque removal. As well as using dental floss and other interdental cleaning aids. Use plaque disclosing agents after brushing. It will reveal areas where plaque remains. Use dental floss and other interdental cleaning aids once you see that plaque.
- Professional treatment
Periodontal treatment Sandy Springs ensure that any dental treatment provided lessens plaque retention. You should have clear advice on the need to clean bridges, dentures, and braces.
You can prevent periodontal disease with daily meticulous removal of plaque by toothbrushing. Regular visits to the dentist or hygienist also help. Make sure to avoid risk factors such as smoking and poor diet.